1. Security Watch

Security Watch is a continuous process that consists on the one hand to ensure that a system has the latest security patches and, on the other hand, to monitor the system in order to detect in real time the attacks and attacks. intrusion and to provide a prompt and effective response.

2. Legal framework governing this activity

The law N ° 2010/012 of December 21, 2010, in its article 7, stipulates that the ANTIC must ensure the technological watch and emit alerts and recommendations as regards security of the networks of electronic communications and certification.

3. CIRT's missions are divided into two (02) major groups

Preventive : Responsible for taking steps to prevent cyber attacks ;
Reactive: In the event of an attack or incident, the CIRT must react promptly to counter the attack, on the one hand, and to identify the attacker, on the other hand.

4. The missions of CIRT National Camerounais are as follows :

4.1. National Cyberspace's sensitive infrastructure monitoring and real-time response to incidents
The CIRT identifies the sensitive infrastructures of the national cyberspace and then installs the special technical devices allowing it to be notified in real time in the event of an incident. Once notified, the CIRT provides an effective real-time response to block the attack, correct the vulnerability used, identify and locate the attacker.

4.2. Issue of newsletters and security alerts
In order to prevent cyber attacks, the CIRT regularly issues security alerts and bulletins that record the latest vulnerabilities inherent in certain systems and software, as well as recommendations to correct them. These security bulletins are intended for IT managers and the general public to apply the recommendations they make to protect their systems.

4.3. Awareness on cybersecurity
One of the important factors in the spread of cybercrime is the fact that users are not sufficiently aware of the subject. CIRT is also working to raise the awareness of users and IT managers about security. This awareness involves the preparation of guides of good practices (parents, children, companies), brochures, magazines and other gadgets, the animation of radio and TV broadcasts, the organization of seminars and forums.

4.4. Assistance of users and companies in the handling of security incidents
The CIRT centralizes and processes requests for assistance related to cybercrime. As such, it has a phone number (242 099 164) and an email (alerts @) antic.cm) through which individuals and businesses can seize us for any incident related to computer security.

4.5. Development of information system security standards
In order to avoid a disorganized management of the security of information systems, it is imperative to define repositories to ensure the security of information systems. They are intended for companies, administrations and even users.

4.6. Investigations related to cybercrime
Laws N ° 2010/012 and 2010/013 of 21 December 2010 filled the legal vacuum that existed in the field of cybercrime. As a result, cybercriminals can now be prosecuted and penalized. In the context of investigations relating to cybercrime, law enforcement and judicial authorities may request the technical expertise of the CIRT, particularly in the acquisition and analysis of digital evidence. The collaboration between the CIRT and the police is prescribed by the article 52 of the law N ° 2010/012.

4.7. Monitoring statistics related to cybercrime
In order to monitor the evolution of cybercrime in Cameroon, the CIRT has developed a system for managing statistics related to cybercrime. This system makes it possible to categorize cybercrimes by type, by geographical location, and to follow their evolution over time, which allows the CIRT of Cameroon to develop adequate strategies to fight against cybercrime.

4.8. Collaboration with other CIRTs
Since cybercrime is a cross-border phenomenon, the CIRT of Cameroon must collaborate with CIRTs in other countries, and even with other international organizations dealing with cybersecurity issues. It is for this reason that the CIRT collaborates with organizations such as IMPACT, INTERPOL and AFRICACERT.